Being a Pilot can be a pleasant experience which comes with an enormous responsibility of knowing that the lives of others and yourself depends on your skill, knowledge, and judgment as a pilot.
A Pilot License is a certiﬁcate awarded to anyone who has completed a training course under a Certiﬁed Flight Instructor or a reputable ﬂight school. Now, earning your pilot’s license follows a speciﬁc process.
To become a certified pilot to fly an aircraft from one place to another in the Republic of Ghana, one needs to be aware of the following Facts, Regulations and Guidelines. First of all you ought to have the skills and attitudes to succeed as a Pilot. Such skills are but not limited to Self-Control, Good Judgment, Willingness to Learn, Careful Planning, and Performance under pressure. Believe me you, these skills can destroy or help you succeed as a pilot.
The next is to choose what type of aircraft you want to fly. One can choose to train on a Fixed Wing (A) or the Helicopter (H). In Ghana there are several Pilot Licenses available. The following Pilot licenses are issued under Ghana Civil Aviation Authority- Student Pilot License (SPL), Private Pilot License (PPL- A or H), Commercial Pilot License (CPL-A or H), Airline Transport pilot license (ATPL- A or H), Glider Pilot License, Free Balloon Pilot License, Multi-Crew Pilot License. Under these licenses other specific Ratings can be added to your license to perform a specific operations. Such rating are Instruments Rating (IR), Night Rating (NR), etc.
Licenses in Details – According to Ghana Civil Aviation Regulations (GCAR’s)
(a) Age. The applicant for a student pilot authorization shall be not less than 16 years of age.
(b) Knowledge. The applicant for a student pilot authorization shall receive and log ground training from an authorized instructor on the following subjects:
(1) applicable sections of Part 2 and Part 8 of LI 2000;
(2) airspace rules and procedures for the airport where the student will perform solo flight; and
(3) flight characteristics and operation limitations for the make and model of aircraft to be flown.
(c) Pre-solo flight instruction. Prior to conducting a solo flight, a student pilot shall have:
(1) received and logged flight training for the maneuvers and procedures as listed in IS 126.96.36.199.
(2) Demonstrated satisfactory proficiency and safety, as judged by an authorized instructor, on the maneuvers and procedures as listed in IS 188.8.131.52.
(d) Solo flight requirements: A student pilot shall not fly solo:
(1) unless holding at least a Class 2 Medical Certificate; and
(2) under the supervision of, or with the authority of, an authorized flight instructor.
(e) Privileges: The State of Ghana shall ensure that privileges granted to student pilots
would not constitute a hazard to air navigation.
(f) A student pilot shall not fly solo in an aircraft on an international flight unless by special or general arrangement between the State of Ghana and other Contracting States concerned.
Private Pilot License
To qualify for a Private Pilot’s Certification, each student must have flown a minimum of 40 hours; 10 of which are “solo”, or flights conducted by candidate alone without an instructor or anyone else in the airplane. The Private Pilot Certification is the foundation of a flying carrier.
The following are general requirements for the issue of Private Pilot Licenses appropriate to the aeroplane, airship, helicopter and powered-lift categories:
(a) Age. The applicant for a PPL shall be not less than 17 years of age.
(b) Knowledge. The applicant shall have demonstrated a level of knowledge appropriate to the privileges granted to the holder of a private pilot license and appropriate to the category of aircraft intended to be included in the license, in at least the following subjects:
(1) Air law
(2) Aircraft general knowledge for aeroplanes, airships, helicopters and powered-lifts
(3) Flight performance, planning and loading
(4) Human performance
(7) Operational procedures
(8) Principles of flight
(c) Skill. The applicant for a PPL shall:
(1) have received an endorsement from an authorized instructor who certifies that the person is prepared for the required skill test.
(d) Medical fitness. The applicant for a PPL shall hold a current Class 2 Medical Certificate.
(1) Subject to compliance with the requirements specified in this Part, the privileges of the holder of a private pilot license shall be to act, but not for remuneration, as pilot-in-command or co-pilot of aircraft within the appropriate aircraft category engaged in non-revenue flights.
(2) Before exercising the privileges at night, the license holder shall have received dual instruction in aircraft within the appropriate category of aircraft in night flying, including take-off, landing and navigation.
There are two aspects to learning to fly: Ground School and Flying lesson.
Ground School: You will study the principles of flying, through a structured program of lessons, according to the qualification you are aiming for.
Flying Lesson: Your practical lessons are structured so you confidently progress from the very basics of flying, through to performing more challenging maneuvers and handling more difficult situations in the air. Depending on the level you are aiming for, there is a structured program of flying lessons to achieve your goal. You need to pass written exams with the GCAA and practical flight tests as you progress through the various stages of your training.
There’s no getting around the fact that learning how to ﬂy will be inexpensive. To be honest, Pilot Training is very EXPENSIVE. You have to be ready with upwards of $7000.00 to $12,000.00 dollars if you are going to seriously pursue an education in aviation as a Private Pilot. These will cover not only the lessons but also the expenses related to every instructional ﬂight that you make with your instructor like aviation fuel, ﬂight gear and books.
Aviation is a passion that the pilots deal emotionally with. Being a pilot is a source of pride for one, being able to ﬂy the skies and see sights not all people can see. That’s for the romantic side of aviation, however the price to be pay is very huge. But it’s worth every dollar to chase your dream and fly around the world. You’re off to a great start already! This article will launch you on to your journey of becoming a pilot.
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Remember, everything is POSSIBLE, even your DREAM.